Health

What is UTI? Symptoms, Causes and Prevention – Dr. Neeta Verma 

You should see a urologist for a UTI to check if you have an urge to urinate frequently and a burning sensation while peeing. UTIs are ubiquitous in women but not so much in men. These are a type of infection occurring in your urinary tract.

In this article, Dr. Neeta Verma, a urologist in Bhubaneswar, discusses UTIs, their causes, treatment and prevention.

What is UTI?

An infection in any part of your urinary system is called Urinary Tract Infection. A urinary tract consists of kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. 

  • Kidneys: The kidneys are known as the body’s filters. They eliminate waste and water from your body.
  • Ureters: These tubes carry the urine from your kidneys to your bladder.
  • Bladder: It is a bag-like organ that stores urine.
  • Urethra: The tube that transports pee from the bladder to the outside of the body.

It is a system that creates, stores, and removes urine from the body. UTIs are ubiquitous in women, but they can also affect men.

Bacteria generally cause UTIs, and they affect the bladder and urethra. The bacterial infection can lead to kidney failure if UTIs are not treated correctly.

Urologists are medical professionals who diagnose and treat urinary tract illnesses in both men and women. Dr. Neeta Verma is a urologist in Bhubaneswar and has over six years of experience.

Symptoms

According to Dr. Verma, the following are the symptoms you might experience if you have UTIs:

  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Burning sensation while peeing
  • Pressure in the lower pelvis
  • Painful urination
  • Urine having a foul smell
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Urine containing blood
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Back Pain

 Types of UTIs

 According to Dr. Verma, a urologist in Bhubaneswar, these are the types of UTIs:

  • Cystitis (bladder): You may believe that you must pee regularly or that peeing hurts. Lower stomach pain and murky or crimson urine are also possible.
  • Pyelonephritis (kidneys): This can cause a fever, vomiting, nausea, chills, and upper back or side pain.
  • Urethritis (urethra): When you pee, you may have a discharge and a burning feeling.

Causes

UTIs are caused by bacteria that enter the urinary tract through the urethra and cause infection and swelling. Even though UTIs generally happen in the bladder and urethra, the bacteria can travel up to your uterus and infect your kidneys.

The causes may include:

  • Consumption of antibiotics
  • Pregnancy
  • Immune system dysfunction
  • Kidney stones
  • Diabetes
  • Some types of contraception
  • Kidney stones

Diagnosis

    • Your urologist may recommend the following tests to diagnose your UTI, says Dr. Verma, a urologist in Bhubaneswar.
  • Urinalysis: This test examines your urine for bacteria, white blood cells, and red blood cells. The number of red and white blood cells in your urine can indicate whether or not you have an infection.
  • Urine Culture: This test is performed to identify the microorganisms in your urine. This is an important test since it aids in determining the best treatment.

Treatment

The treatment of UTIs depends on what UTI it is:

  • Bacteria
  • Fungal
  • Viral

Your urologist determines the type of UTI from your test results. Most UTIs go away with antibiotics. So your urologist will mostly recommend antibiotics for your UTIs.

Your urologist can treat Bacterial UTIs with antibiotics, viral UTIs with antivirals, and Fungal UTIs with antifungals.

Prevention

You can take the following precautions to avoid UTIs, says Dr. Verma:

  • Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water each day.
  • Stay away from products that can irritate your urethra.
  • Urinate after intercourse.
  • Maintain a healthy diet.
  • Don’t consume too much caffeine or alcohol.
  • Drink cranberry juice frequently.

Conclusion:

Having a UTI is very annoying and uncomfortable. If you have any of the symptoms listed above, you should consult a urologist and seek appropriate treatment. Because if not treated properly, the UTI can spread to your kidneys and cause additional problems.

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