FORM in the skin, many factors are involved, including age, genetics, sun exposure, smoking, and, of course, diet. All wrinkles are a sign of damage, and this type of repetitive damage to the skin may be hard to avoid completely. However, it is possible to reduce wrinkling due to age, which most people wrongly assume is an inevitable part of getting older. This is not to say that you can reach 80 years of age without any wrinkles, but, by avoiding skin damage.
Know the Enemy: What Causes Wrinkles?
Wrinkles emerge and become more pronounced as skin ages. As early as age 25, you can begin to see the signs of aging. The skin is slower in its ability to heal. Small abrasions and cuts take longer to disappear than they did in your teens. Old cells are replaced more slowly. As we reach our mid-forties, we begin to see more drastic changes in our skin as we experience hormone fluctuations. Skin begins to thin and become more fragile and sensitive.
1: The Sun
As mentioned earlier, there are many factors that cause skin damage, but the primary cause of skin damage is excessive sun exposure. Ultraviolet radiation from the sun damages collagen fibers, causing a loss in skin strength and elasticity. Ultraviolet radiation also leads to wrinkle formation by causing elastin to accumulate and clump in the skin. Ultraviolet radiation enhances wrinkle formation in another way as well. Enzymes called metalloproteinases are produced when skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation.
2: Free Radicals
Wrinkles can result from free radical damage as well. Free radicals are unstable oxygen molecules that have only one electron instead of two (like stable electrons). These single electrons will scavenge for another electron, stealing them from other molecules. These “robbed” molecules in turn become unstable and scavenge for a place to find their missing electrons. This cycle can damage cell function and alter genetic material.
Nature’s makeup not only makes you look beautiful, it also helps protect your skin against the effects of ultraviolet light. Exposure to sunlight increases the amount of melanin in the skin in order to protect the skin from damage. Individuals with greater levels of melanin in the skin, such as those with dark complexions, are better equipped for protecting their skin from the sun, as the darker the skin is, the more melanosomes present.